Luke chapter 4 tells us that after his baptism in the Jordan river, Jesus was full of the Holy Spirit and was led by the Spirit into the wilderness, fasting forty days and nights and being tempted by the devil (v. 1-13). Afterward “…Jesus returned in the power of the Spirit to Galilee, and a report about him went out through all the surrounding country” (v. 14).
When he came to Nazareth on the Sabbath day, he entered the synagogue and read from the scroll of the prophet Isaiah:
““The Spirit of the Lord is upon me,
because he has anointed me
to proclaim good news to the poor.
He has sent me to proclaim liberty to the captives
and recovering of sight to the blind,
to set at liberty those who are oppressed,
to proclaim the year of the Lord's favor”
(Luke 4:18-19; Isaiah 61:1a ESV).
The Blue Letter Bible states that Jesus was anointed through the Holy Spirit in order to consecrate him to the Messianic office and endue him with the necessary powers for its administration. Notice that the presence of the Holy Spirit, the anointing for operation in the Holy Spirit, and the power to carry out the administration of the Holy Spirit occur at the same time: Presence = Anointing = Power.
In 2 Corinthians 1:21-22, Paul wrote “And it is God who establishes us with you in Christ, and has anointed us, and who has also put his seal on us and given us his Spirit in our hearts as a guarantee”, using the same Greek word for anointing, chrio, that Jesus quoted from the book of Isaiah in the gospel of Luke, referring to himself and his ministry on earth.
Through the presence of God’s Holy Spirit in us, we are established in Christ, anointed for ministry, and sealed with the guarantee of our legal standing as children of God and co-inheritors with Jesus.
Therefore that same anointing that was demonstrated by Jesus is extended to us through his Holy Spirit, and we also are called to declare the good news of liberty to all those who are oppressed, herald the recovery of sight to the blind and to proclaim the wonderful grace of God’s favor.
In Jerusalem, in the upper room at the time of the Last Supper, Jesus told his disciples, “Truly, truly, I say to you, whoever believes in me will also do the works that I do; and greater works than these will he do, because I am going to the Father” (John 14:12 ESV), and just two verses later, he promised “And I will ask the Father, and he will give you another Helper, to be with you forever, even the Spirit of truth, whom the world cannot receive, because it neither sees him nor knows him. You know him, for he dwells with you and will be in you” (John 14:16-17 ESV).
Jesus promised that he would send the Holy Spirit to dwell within us. He assured us that because of the presence of his Spirit abiding within us, we would be endued with power to work and to witness for the glory of God, and to extend his ministry through time and space.
Because of the presence of the Spirit of God dwelling within the followers of Jesus, through the operation of the gifts of the Spirit, Jesus promised that his disciples would do even more works than he, himself, did. Jesus’ ministry on earth lasted for approximately three years, but the Church, in Jesus’ name, has existed for approximately two thousand years, with the Holy Spirit working through billions of members of the Body of Christ.
The anointing that Jesus manifested through his Holy Spirit is the same anointing that we who believe in his name receive at salvation, and that we operate in today.
Just before Jesus made his second radical departure from the earth, Matthew recounts that he told his disciples, “…All authority in heaven and earth has been given to me. Go therefore and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, teaching them to observe all that I have commanded you. And behold, I am with you always, to the end of the age” (v. 18b-20).
But before their mission could begin, Jesus instructed his disciples to remain in Jerusalem and wait for the promise of the Father to come upon them, so that they would be endued with power from on high.
He said, “…John baptized with water, but you will be baptized with the Holy Spirit, not many days from now…you will receive power when the Holy Spirit has come upon you, and you will be my witnesses…to the end of the earth” (Acts 1:4-8 ESV).
“And when he had said these things, as they were looking on, he was lifted up, and a cloud took him out of their sight” (Acts 1:9 ESV)…….
(We will explore what happened next in Part Four.)
Blue Letter Bible [US]. “Lexicon : Strong's G5548 – chriō” Blue Letter Bible. n.d. Web. https://www.blueletterbible.org/lang/lexicon/lexicon.cfm?Strongs=G5548&t=ESV . 6 May, 2019.