On the fifth day of Christmas, my true love gave to me, five golden rings…
The Greek word Pentateuch and the Hebrew word Torah are names for the first five books of the Old Testament: Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers and Deuteronomy, which were written by Moses.
These are the five interlocking golden rings containing the Biblical stories of the creation and the fall of man, Noah and the flood, the birth of the nation of Israel, Israel’s captivity in Egypt and their deliverance from slavery, the giving of the Law and the blueprint for the construction of the Tabernacle and the Ark of the Covenant.
Five major characters from these stories are Adam, Noah, Abraham, Isaac and Moses, each of which provides us with types and shadows of the ministry of Jesus Christ:
And so it is written, “The first man Adam became a living being.” The last Adam became a life-giving spirit.
However, the spiritual is not first, but the natural, and afterward the spiritual. The first man was of the earth, made of dust; the second Man is the Lord from heaven (1 Corinthians 15:45-47 NKJV).
Before the flood, God gave his servant Noah instructions on how to build an ark. Today, before the time of the Tribulation, God has provided his servants with a better Ark, of a New Covenant, Jesus Christ: for we live and move and have our being in him (Acts 17:28).
But as the days of Noah were, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be. For as in the days before the flood, they were eating and drinking, marrying and giving in marriage, until the day that Noah entered the ark, and did not know until the flood came and took them all away, so also will the coming of the Son of Man be (Matthew 24:37-39 NKJV).
God calls Abraham the “father of many nations” (Genesis 17:4). Abraham is also known as the father of faith (Galatians 3:9) for those who are born of the Spirit. The name Abraham is associated with strength, protection and covering, in the way that a mother hen covers her chicks with her wings.*
The best-known story of Abraham occurs on Mount Moriah, where Abraham’s faith and obedience to God are demonstrated by his willingness to sacrifice his son Isaac at God’s command. In this story, Abraham is a representation of God the Father, and Isaac represents God’s perfect sacrifice of his beloved Son on the cross (Genesis 22):
And [God] said, “Do not lay your hand on the lad, or do anything to him; for now I know that you fear God, since you have not withheld your son, your only son, from Me” (Genesis 22:12).
For God so loved the world, that he gave his only Son, that whoever believes in him should not perish but have eternal life. For God did not send his Son into the world to condemn the world, but in order that the world might be saved through him (John 3:16-17 ESV).
Hebrews chapter three tells us that Jesus Christ is superior to Moses, which is explained in John 1:17: For the law was given by Moses, but grace and truth came by Jesus Christ (KJV). The Old Testament is founded on the law, which was given by God to his servant, Moses; but the New Testament is founded on a better promise, salvation by faith in the grace of God, which came in the person of his only begotten Son, Jesus Christ (Hebrews 8:6).
*(See www.abarimpublications.com/Meaning/Abraham.html for more information on the name Abraham.)